Coloring of hair: technology of coloring and group of dyes

The technology of performance of coloring of hair in this case consists in the following: locks in a chaotic order get out. Colors select the most suitable to each other, and also to natural tone of hair. Contrast shades and sharp transitions.

People learned to change a hair color several millennia ago. In those days procedure of coloring was quite long and tiresome and was carried out within several days. Now cardinally it is possible to change color of a head of hear for some hour – one and a half. And it not all achievements of modern coloring of hair. The technology of coloring is so advanced today that you can get two, three and even there is more than shade, without doing huge to harm to beauty and health of a head of hear.

Coloring of hair: technology of coloring and group of dyes

Choice of means

If you want to hide a gray hair or considerably to change color of a hairdress, to you not to do without coloring of hair. The technology of coloring, and also a choice of means thus in many respects depend on a goal. On the influence all painting preparations share on three groups:

  • The tinting. Various skins, balms, shampoos, vegetable tinctures and broths concern to them. Such means are used for temporary change a hair color. They give the necessary shade, thus causing the minimum loss, after all in their structure there are no various aggressive substances. Alas, the received result keeps not for long and disappears later 5-8 procedures of washing of the head. The technology of coloring of hair henna which also belongs to this group, allows to prolong effect slightly more long. Besides, similar procedure adds gloss and a healthy look to ringlets.
  • Semi-resistant dyes. Carry the preparations allowing to make color of locks 2-3 tones more dark to such means or is lighter. Are allowed to use on a brittle and brittle hair as in their structure not really there is a lot of an oxidizer.
  • Resistant paints. As a part of similar means there is a considerable share of peroxide of hydrogen. This substance opens scales of a keratin layer of each hair, deletes the natural painting pigment and changes it for the artificial. Thus ringlets are partially injured and lose moisture. After procedure of coloring it is necessary to use special balm which helps to return scales into place. But completely it won’t be possible to restore hair. Ringlets on which resistant paint was applied, demand to themselves constant attention and care.

Change of color – quite serious step therefore it is very important to pick up the most sparing groups of dyes and the main technologies of coloring of hair.

Coloring of hair: technology of coloring and group of dyes

The classical

Painting of a head of hear on all length is called in one color as traditional coloring of hair. The technology of coloring in this case is quite simple, and procedure can be executed independently in house conditions without visit of beauty shops. It consists in the following:

  1. The corresponding dye is selected.
  2. The skin test with small quantity of means is carried out.
  3. If there are no allergic reactions, dye gets divorced according to the instruction.
  4. Ringlets are painted a lock behind a lock on all length beginning from the top.
  5. Dye keeps on hair during the time specified on packing.
  6. Means plentifully washes off.
  7. The treating balm which needs to be taken on hair within 2-3 minutes is applied. After that ringlets are well washed out by water.

The similar method allows to change color of a hairdress to some tones. The result of procedure in many respects depends on a natural shade of ringlets. The matter is that the classical technique is not especially difficult coloring of hair at which there is a preliminary decolouration of locks, and usual replacement of one color on more dark or light. Thus it is possible to change a shade at most for 2-3 tones, of course, if you not the blonde by nature. In other cases cardinal change of color of locks will require procedure the speech about which will go in the following block.

Clarification, or blondirovaniye

Mean decolouration of ringlets at which oxidizers completely delete the painting pigment from each hair by this procedure. Blondirovaniye can act as an independent method of change of a shade of locks on lighter of tone or accompany classical coloring of hair. Technology of coloring same, as well as at traditional change of color of ringlets.

Coloring of hair: technology of coloring and group of dyes

The structure is applied on hair and is left for the necessary time. In the course of procedure there is a full removal of a natural pigment that does hair much more is lighter. Blondirovaniye treats quite harmful methods, after all it does notable harm to hair. Further they need special leaving and protection.


Today this procedure got the status of one of the most popular the technician of coloring of hair. Highlighting assumes smooth or contrast change of color of locks. As at procedure the painting means process some ringlets, it is considered more sparing.

There are 4 types of highlighting:

  • The classical. At similar procedure some locks are clarified, and their thickness and width can change. To give naturalness to ringlets, the second color differs from natural on 2-3 tones. To the contrary, to emphasize contrast between locks, some of them considerably become colourless. The second option is quite radical and does serious harm to ringlets. Therefore at a dry and brittle hair it isn’t recommended to carry out it.
  • The frequent. At such highlighting the top locks are painted. Very effectively looks on dark short hair.
  • The return. At this procedure there is a coloring of light ringlets in more dark of tone.

The technique of highlighting has and some other versions, and the most popular of them are a coloring of hair the Patches of light technology. At similar procedure the foil isn’t used, and the master applies the decolouring paint with a brush that creates visibility of spots of sunlight on hair. Similar drawing very effectively and interestingly, especially on dark long locks looks.

Coloring of hair: technology of coloring and group of dyes


Mean coloring of locks in some tones by such technology, close to a natural hair color, or, on the contrary, the sharply contrast. The main advantage of this procedure is possibility of its application on any ringlets: dark, light, gray-haired, melirovannykh. Kolorirovaniye gives volume to a hairdress and creates a bright unforgettable image.

New technologies of coloring of hair. Ombre

Very popular equipment at which the Californian highlighting and a vertical kolorirovaniye is combined. For hair the main shades – usually their no more than three are selected. Then locks are painted so that smooth transition from dark roots to light tips turned out. Ombre – quite difficult coloring of hair therefore it is correct execute it can only the stylist with a wide experience. Otherwise the hairdress will turn into a motley bunch.

In spite of the fact that the equipment to an ombra appeared relatively recently, it is accepted to distinguish some types of similar coloring:

  • The classical. In most cases roots of hair remain untouched or them tint in more dark color. The middle part of ringlets is clarified on 4 tones, tips – on 8. For this type to an ombra the colors approached to a natural palette get out.
  • The return. Such type of coloring effectively looks on hair of average and short length. Unlike classical tips turn out dark, and roots – light.
  • The color. In this case bright contrast shades are selected.
  • The sharp. Instead of smooth transition of one color to another the sharp border between roots, the middle and tips is created.

The technology of coloring to an ombra on dark hair doesn’t belong to the sparing procedures, after all to create transitions, radical clarification, and also use of resistant paints will be required. It is impossible to tell that this technique is safe for a fair hair. Though in this case it isn’t necessary to use the clarifying preparations, use of resistant dyes nevertheless not to avoid.

Coloring of hair: technology of coloring and group of dyes


This technique is, in fact, unusual highlighting. The technology of performance of coloring of hair in this case consists in the following: locks in a chaotic order get out. Then they are clarified, but not to roots. The similar technique makes impression of a few hair which burned out on the sun. Procedure takes no more than 40 minutes and does the minimum harm to ringlets. Technology shatush it is possible to paint hair of any length.

Technology of coloring of hair balaqzh

Fashionable kind of highlighting at which clarify and paint only tips of locks. Some options of flowers are sometimes used and transition between them can be both smooth, and contrast. In the first case dyes select under differing from tone, natural for about 2-3 colors. In the second tips are clarified and painted in quite intensive and even exotic color. “the mermaid’s hairdress” with green, pink and violet locks enjoys special popularity now.

Coloring of hair: technology of coloring and group of dyes

The 3D – coloring

One of the most popular kinds of a kolorirovaniye. Thanks to this technology it is possible to give considerable visual volume to a hairdress. the 3D – coloring suits both fair-haired, and dark-haired girls. In an ideal before this technology is carried out, computer modeling of future hairdress is made. But the majority of salons, alas, have no necessary equipment. So it is necessary to rely on skill and faultless taste of the stylist.

In the 3D – coloring apply no more than 3 shades, thus one of them the main, and two auxiliary. Colors select the most suitable to each other, and also to natural tone of hair. Contrast shades and sharp transitions are inadmissible at this type of coloring of hair. The technology of coloring consists in the following:

  1. The main, more dark paint is applied on locks of occipital part of the head from an ear to an ear.
  2. The root part of other hair becomes covered by the same tone.
  3. Ringlets share from a nape to a forehead on small locks with width of 4-5 cm.
  4. They are painted two complementary colors on all length, alternating shades among themselves.
  5. The border between locks shouldn’t be evident therefore hair share on a lock again and then are repeatedly painted.

After procedure passing ringlets look brightly and naturally, thus the effect remains long enough. The after all growing tips don’t spoil all picture at all. Therefore there is no need to repeat 3D – coloring more often than once a month.

Illyuminirovaniye of a hair

At this method of coloring special steady paint is used. In it there is no ammonia and other oxidizers, and it doesn’t do harm to ringlets. Moreover, paint adds gloss and a healthy look to the even injured hair, and also adds volume to a hairdress. Means is very steady and more than 2 months aren’t washed away. After that term procedure is recommended to be repeated. The only contraindication for carrying out an illyuminirovaniye – a thick hair and fat head skin. In this case the result from use of paint looks very unattractively.

Coloring of hair: technology of coloring and group of dyes

Pattern coloring

Quite courageous technology of coloring. During procedure dyes apply on ringlets with use of various cliches. As a result on hair there are various figures, geometrical patterns, animal prints and flower ornaments. Generally, any drawing for which the imagination at the stylist will be enough.